Verboamérica
Malba
collection

Verboamérica
Malba collection
Curators: Andrea Giunta and Agustín Pérez Rubio

In the framework of the celebration of the 15th anniversary of MALBA’s founding, the museum presents Verboamérica, a new exhibition of its permanent collection, curated by historian and researcher Andrea Giunta and by the museum’s artistic director, Agustín Pérez Rubio. The exhibition—the fruit of a wider research project that has been underway for over two years—proposes a living history of Latin America in actions and experiences, a postcolonial history that does not understand Latin American art in the terms proposed by European art, but rather on the basis of the words that the artists themselves used in devising their aesthetic agendas.

Verboamérica is performative and temporal; it evidences the crisis of a single and linear notion of historical time that globalization has witnessed,” explains Pérez Rubio in the exhibition catalogue; a cornerstone of the publication is Joaquín Torres-García’s famous map América invertida [Inverted America], a work that, as early as 1936, posited a modification in the geographic and spatial, but also temporal, pre-eminence of the Americas.

The exhibition breaks with a classical chronological overview. It includes one hundred and seventy pieces divided into eight thematic clusters with works from different historical periods and in an array of formats (painting, drawing, photography, video, book, historical document, and installation). The clusters are: In the Beginning; Maps, Geopolitics, and Power; City, Modernity, and Abstraction; Lettered City, Violent City, Imagined City; Work, Crowd, and Resistance; The Country and The Outskirts; Bodies, Affects, and Emancipation; and Indigenous America, Black America.

In the words of Andrea Giunta,They key words in this exhibition come from artistic experience in Latin America: Anthropophagy, Indigenism, Negritude, Martín Fierro, Neo-concretism, Madi, Perceptismo, Constructive Universalism, Muralism. They come as well from the Latin American experience of cities—real cities, dreamed cities, utopian cities—of work, exploitation, and geopolitics; of the outskirts of the city, real and imagined landscapes; and of the banished (prostitution, poverty, unruly bodies not in keeping with how the patriarchal canon has constructed both woman and man). The exhibition revolves around black, indigenous, and peasant insurrection, the demand for land. It attempts to render visible the poetics of the indominable, forms of aesthetic emancipation".

Clusters and artists in the exhibition

In the Beginning

At certain moments in history, forms explore the borders of representation. They investigate imprecise states bound to situations where visual concepts are inchoate. Works that suggest dawning moments and emergence. This often means imprecise images and materials that convey a mutant or shifting state that appeals to the still unformed, to bodily perception, to exploding imagination. Volcanoes, tornadoes, floods—the catastrophes in whose wake life emerges. The forms tend to be circular or curved in reference to the primal, to the ongoing evolution of a thought, to life and to death—as beginning of the world and as artistic act.

Artists: Carmelo Arden Quin, Lygia Clark, León Ferrari, Lucio Fontana, Gego, Víctor Grippo, Roberto Matta, Emilio Pettoruti, Zilia Sanchez, Ruben Santantonín y Clorindo Testa, among others.

Maps, Geopolitics, and Power

The exploration of the Americas was driven, in part, by thirst for gold, silver, precious stones, minerals, and fuel—something that still drives us. Zacatecas, Potosí, Minas Gerais, Serra Pelada. Maps of the world are bound to power. Borders, territories, sovereignties shift when there is dispute over the land and its resources. The alarm of nature. The very idea of foundation lies at the base of conquest and its parameters. The concept of nation is born of the conflict between the colony and the metropolis due, in part, to the need to expand commerce and trade, but also to the need to establish parameters of identities independent from Europe. The new territories were arenas in which to test out models of exploitation, of urban life, of republics, of citizenry normalized by the State, but also strategies of emancipation.

Artists:Fernando Bryce, Rafael Barradas, Augusto de Campos, Geraldo de Barros, Lygia Clark, Emiliano Di Cavalcanti, María Freire, Nicolás García Uriburu, Alfredo Jaar, Guillermo Kuitca, Diyi Laañ, Julio Le Parc, Jorge Macchi, Helio Oiticica, Lidy Prati, Revista Arturo, David Alfredo Alfaro Siqueiros, Grete Stern, Joaquín Torres García y Gyula Kosice, among others.

City, Modernity, and Abstraction

The city is the privileged setting of modern experience. Let’s imagine ourselves immersed in the sudden and relentless transformation that came with the dawn of the twentieth century and growing Latin American cities. The region’s artists traveled to Europe and were dazzled by Paris and Barcelona, but they also traveled to New York. And, when they returned, they evidenced in their works the impact that the expansion of their own cities had had on their ways of understanding the urban experience: São Paulo, Buenos Aires, Montevideo, Mexico City, Lima, Santiago (Chile), Bogota, Rio de Janeiro, Lima, Caracas, Quito, Havana, and so on. They came up with languages that could capture the vertigo of transformation acting on bodies, fragmenting and compressing the experiences of fast-paced city life. They attempted, in a way, to use their artistic languages to arrange those fluctuating universes. Grids, swirls, symbolic syntheses of the concerns of men, nature, feeling. Representations of cities contained as well representations of the universe. 

Artists: Rafael Barradas, Lygia Clark, Horacio Coppola, Geraldo de Barros, Emiliano Di Cavalcanti, Gyula Kosice, Diyi Laañ, Jorge Macchi, Hélio Oiticica, Grete Stern y Joaquín Torres García, among others.

Lettered City, Violent City, Imagined City

The city was not only represented as angles and contrasts of light and shadow. Writing was also key to its depiction. Authors in cities around the world would gather in cafes to discuss new aesthetic visions and agendas. A whole new imagination was unleashed around the very concept of writing. Many languages were activated in response to censorship; encoded and secret forms of speaking, writing, and thinking that eluded the control of dictatorships. New languages were invented, languages that mimicked the order of writing but without recognizable letters or words. Even fingers were used to write, imprints of the traces of the body left on what appeared to be the lines of a page; writing without ink, without pencil, with only the markings of a hand creasing a page. Body writing. Other codes were envisioned and invented, codes that, because indeterminate, could aspire to universality and produce new forms of contact. 

Artists: Norah Borges, Mirtha Dermisache, Graciela Gutierrez Marx, Mathias Goeritz, David Lamelas, Margarita Paksa, Liliana Porter, Diego Rivera, Lotty Rosenfeld, Mira Schendel, Remedios Varo y Xul Solar, among others.

Work, Crowd, and Resistance

The demographic growth of Latin American cities meant an intense diversification of tasks and the ways individuals are organized on the urban scene. Work in the modern era was mostly work in the factory, the arena of capitalist development. During at least the first half of the twentieth century, women’s work ensued partly in the home and partly in the factory. The sewing machine—Singer’s invention—afforded women the possibility to earn—and to control—some income without leaving their house and, as such, it occasioned a revolution by giving them a greater measure of economic independence. It also, however, reinforced their confinement in the home. Men were subjected to new forms of exploitation at growing factories. They organized as workers, not only by holding strikes and demonstrations—supreme organization of the masses as they vied for control of the means of production and fought for decent wages—but also by issuing propaganda, publications and images used to rally workers.

Artists: Oscar Bony, Antonio Berni, Antônio Dias, Ana Gallardo, José Gurvich, Magdalena Jitrik, José Clemente Orozco, Amelia Peláez, Taller Popular de Serigrafía y Claudio Tozzi, among others.

The Country and the Outskirts

The experience of growth and of conglomeration in the city produced new forms of migration and of marginalization. Migrants searching for a better life came to the city to change a rural landscape for an urban one. But the borders of the city, its outskirts, are also the devalued zones of development, of opulence; they are places where the dazzling city turns into waste, trauma, precariousness. Houses built out of fragments and trash, rickety constructions of tin and cardboard in the empty spaces of urbanization. These are the zones of beings at the margin of citizenship, areas where poor children and prostitution mingle. It is on the margins that the rage and resistance of the dispossessed grow. It is not a question of migrants, but of those banished, expulsed from society—the desperation expressed in the prostitute Ramona’s stiff smile in Antonio Berni’s work and in the red blotches crashing against the sky. Yet, to leave the city is to head into unpolluted nature, the chance to build a utopia. 

Artists: Francis Alÿs, Antonio Berni, José Cúneo, Miguel Covarrubias, Kenneth Kemble, Emilio Pettoruti, among others.

Bodies, Affects, and Emancipation

The states that organized the Latin American republics replicated, in many respects, the parameters of European and North American states. Like them, they structured legitimate citizenships and expulsed or negated those not in keeping with their principles. The experience of the insubordinate bodies—those that did not conform with the schemes established by society or with heteronormative mandates— were cast out, relegated to the other side. Bodies that pursue other experiences and recognition of them. Bodies that escape patriarchal models. Sensibilities that explore alternative ways to experience bodies, other modes of joy and happiness. Women were the ones, in successive waves of feminism, who struggled for other social representations. Whether or not they identified as feminists, women artists were sensitive to the agendas of feminism. 

Artists: Juan Battle Planas, Antonio Berni, Oscar Bony, Feliciano Centurión, Jorge De la Vega, Paz Errázuriz , Ricardo Garabito, Annemarie Heinrich, Fernanda Laguna, Las Yeguas del Apocalipsis, Liliana Maresca, Anna María Maiolino, Marisol, María Martins, Mónica Mayer, Marta Minujín, Marcelo Pombo, Wanda Pimentel, Marcia Schvartz y Grete Stern, among others.

Indigenous America, Black America

The “discovery” of America was grounded in the violent negation and eradication of the indigenous, and the foundation of conquest and the colonial era was a double negation: the negation of the native peoples and the negation of the population brought over from Africa as slaves to work on plantations and in mines. Beliefs and social organizations were shattered with a violence that also acted on bodies. The colonial era witnessed a vast and shameful traffic of bodies. Whereas the figure of the Indian formed part of the symbolic repertoire on which nations were built (the Indian as figure from an idealized past, not as enduring a present of subjugation), there was no place for the Afro-Latin American in the cast of heroic citizens. Despite the fact that—as depictions of battle scenes attest— those of African descent formed part of the armies that fought for independent republics, they were ignored in Latin American art history. It was not until recently that African influence came to be recognzed in curatorial projects. Under modernism, that influence was silenced in a model of integration that aspired to a raceless, because solely white, society in the future.

Artists: Claudia Andujar, Miguel Covarrubias, Tarsila do Amaral, Emiliano Di Cavalcanti, Pedro Figari, Anna Bella Geiger, Frida Kahlo, Wilfredo Lam, José Carlos Martinat, Ana Mendieta, Luis Ortiz Monasterio, Héctor Poleo, Cándido Portinari, Jesús Ruiz Durand y Xul Solar, among others.

Verboamérica Project

Catalogue

As a comprehensive project, Verboamérica encompasses all areas of the museum. A 380-page catalogue with Spanish and English editions will be published in conjunction with the exhibition. The catalogue includes a glossary of key terms tied to the works in the collection and to the broader artistic, social, and cultural experience of Latin America.

The book contains as well the curatorial essays “Open History, Multiuple Time. A New Turn on the MALBA Collection” by Agustín Pérez Rubio and “All the Parts of the World” by Andrea Giunta. It also includes an exhaustive analysis of the exhibition’s eight clusters and reproductions of all of the works on exhibit, as well as other key works of Latin American art, whether in the collection or not.

Glossary

The catalogue opens with a glossary of terms, nomenclatures, and definitions that can be seen as part of a specifically Latin American vocabulary. As such, Verboamérica is a possible re-writing of modern and contemporary Latin American history. “It recognizes the works and concepts that structured the European avant-gardes to then swallow them up and add local ingredients (terms). A crucial component of the project is, for us, the power of language to create realities and to construct worlds—and not only in order to represent them: anthropophagic and speaking America,Pérez Rubio explains.

The terms in the glossary are not only related to style and art; they are also political, social, literary, and cinematographic in nature. The array of terms in the glossary includes “Activism,” “Destructive Art,” “Military Dictatorship,” “Madi,” “Postcolonialism,” and “LGBT.”

The glossary is envisioned as a living organic project; researchers and students, as well as the general public, are invited to suggest new entries on the website http://www.glosario.malba.org.ar/en. Those suggestions will then be analyzed by an advisory committee. The aim is for the glossary to expand over time and beyond the context of the exhibition.

Research and Cataloguing

Verboamérica also brings together the research and exhaustive cataloguing of the collection’s contents that has been in process under the auspice of the museum’s Curatorial Department for the last two years. A team of eminent researchers in the field of Latin American art was put together and assigned, according to area of expertise, the task of compiling thorough technical information and of writing academic texts on each of the works in the collection, in order to re-write its history.

On the occasion of the fifteenth anniversary of the museum’s founding, the first part of this ongoing research project will be launched at MALBA’s website; specifically, technical information on some one hundred and eighty works in the collection will be uploaded. The aim of this digital archive accessible to the community at large is to complement the files on each of the pieces in the museum and to include new documentary material and references from recent bibliography and research on the works in the collection.

The wealth of knowledge on the works, compiled thanks to this project, has proven extremely helpful to preparing the show

Audio Guides

As part of the initiatives of the museum’s Education and Outreach Departments, audio guides that explore the exhibition’s eight thematic clusters with a focus on twenty-five works central to the collection on exhibit in Verboamérica can be downloaded free of charge.

International Seminar De-classifying the Canon: New Models for the Collection and Exhibition of Latin American Art

Saturday, September 17, 10AM-6PM

The seminar makes available to the public the ideas, debates, and public projects both in Latin American and beyond that are devising new perspectives on how to collect and to exhibit Latin American art. The voices of a prestigious group of curators, museum directors, theorists, and artists will address recent transformations in public collections in Latin America and the challenges they face. The seminar’s guests are Tanya Barson (curator at the Tate Modern and curator-in-chief of Macba, Barcelona), Catherine David (curator of Documenta X, Kassel, and Deputy Director of the Pompidou in Paris), Ticio Escobar (director of the Visual Arts Center, Museo del Barro, Asunción, Paraguay), Andrea Giunta (professor of Latin American Art at the Universidad de Buenos Aires), Victoria Giraudo (executive coordinator of MALBA’s Curatorial Department), Magdalena Jitrik (Argentine artist), Inés Katzenstein (director of the Art Department of the Universidad Torcuato Di Tella), Natalia Majluf (director of the Museo de Arte de Lima (MALI), Peru), Laura Malosetti (coordinator of the Instituto de Investigaciones sobre el Patrimonio Cultural - TAREA, Universidad Nacional de San Martín), Ramiro Martínez (executive director of the Museo Amparo, Puebla, Mexico), Ivo Mesquita (former director of the Pinacoteca de São Paulo, Brazil), Lucrecia Palacios (coordinator of MALBA’s Public Programs), Marcelo Pombo (Argentine artists), Diana Weschler (director of the Master’s Program in Curatorial Studies at UNTREF), and Octavio Zaya (freelance curator, co-curator of Documenta XI).

Related Activities

Miércoles 21 de septiembre a las 18:00. Auditorio

Conferencia Verboamérica

Entrevista abierta

Verboamérica

La entrevista supone una conversación y recorrido por las nuevas obras que estarán expuestas en Verboamérica y los criterios curatoriales que le dan forma.

Participan: Andrea Giunta, Agustín Pérez Rubio y Daniel Molina (moderador)
Miércoles 21 de septiembre a las 18:00. Auditorio

chacana

Seminario MALBA XV

Desclasificar el canon
Nuevos modelos de coleccionismo
y exhibición para el arte latinoamericano

A través de las voces de un grupo de prestigiosos curadores, directores de museos, teóricos y artistas, se dará cuenta de las transformaciones recientes y los desafíos que enfrentan las colecciones públicas en Latinoamérica.

Sábado 17 de septiembre de 10:00 a 17:00. Auditorio

Roberto Matta Los desastres del misticismo

Diary

Núcleos Verboamérica
En el principio

En ciertos momentos de la historia, las formas exploran los bordes de la representación. Investigan estados de imprecisión que remiten a situaciones en las que los conceptos visuales están en gestación.

Fernando Bryce

Diary

Núcleos Verboamérica
Mapas, geopolítica
y poder

La exploración de América tuvo relación con la sed de oro, plata, piedras preciosas, minerales e hidrocarburos, como sucede en la actualidad. Zacatecas, Potosí, Minas Gerais, Serra Pelada. Los mapas del mundo se vinculan al poder. Los límites, los territorios, las soberanías fluctúan cuando se disputa la tierra y sus recursos.

Torres García Detalle

Diary

Núcleos Verboamérica
Ciudad, modernidad
y abstracción

Sorry, this entry is only available in European Spanish.

Diego Rivera. Retrato de Ramón Gómez de la Serna, 1915

Diary

Núcleos Verboamérica
Ciudad letrada, ciudad violenta, ciudad imaginada

La ciudad no solo fue representada en sus ángulos y desde el contraste de sus luces y sombras. La escritura tuvo un rol protagónico. Provenía de los autores que se sentaban a conversar y a debatir los nuevos programas estéticos en los cafés de todas las metrópolis del mundo.

Berni Manifestación

Diary

Núcleos Verboamérica
Trabajo, multitud
y resistencia

El crecimiento demográfico de las ciudades latinoamericanas involucró una intensa diversificación de las tareas y de las formas de organización de las personas en la escena urbana. El trabajo en la modernidad fue, ante todo, el trabajo en la fábrica, arena del desarrollo del capitalismo.

Francis Alys

Diary

Núcleos Verboamérica
Campo y periferia

Las experiencias de crecimiento y aglomeración en la ciudad generan formas de migración y también de marginación. Muchos fueron los emigrantes que llegaron para cambiar un paisaje rural por otro, urbano, en busca de una vida mejor.

Jorge de la Vega Rompecabezas

Diary

Núcleos Verboamérica
Cuerpos, afectos
y emancipación

Los Estados desde los que se organizaron las repúblicas latinoamericanas replicaron, en muchos sentidos, los parámetros de los Estados euronorteamericanos. Pautaron las ciudadanías legítimas y expulsaron o negaron aquellas que no cuadraban con sus principios.

Wilfredo Lam La mañana verde

Diary

Núcleos Verboamérica
América indígena,
América negra

Sobre la violenta negación y erradicación del indígena se fundó el “descubrimiento” de América. La conquista y la colonización se asentaron en una doble negación: la de la población originaria y la de aquella que se trasladó desde África para el trabajo esclavo en plantaciones y minas.

Catálogo Verboamérica

Catálogo

Verboamérica

Junto con Verboamérica, nueva exposición de la colección permanente, se editó un catálogo de 380 páginas -en doble edición español e inglés.

Lunes 9, 16, 23 y 30 de enero de 18:30 a 20:00. Auditorio

Antonio Di Benedetto

Curso

Zama de Antonio Di Benedetto

Zama, del escritor mendocino Antonio Di Benedetto (1922-1986), es una original pieza literaria. Lírica y misteriosa, la novela palpita en la literatura argentina promoviendo imágenes, conflictos y sobre todo, una lengua distinta, que da cuenta de la violencia y la voluptuosidad del continente.

Por Silvia Hopenhayn
Lunes 9, 16, 23 y 30 de enero de 18:30 a 20:00. Auditorio

Jueves 15 de diciembre a las 19:00. Biblioteca

Matias Goeritz

Artistas de la colección

Goeritz y los curas rojos
Marxismo, abstracción y psicoanálisis

Mathias Goeritz (Danzig, 1915 – México DF, 1990), impulsor de la “arquitectura emocional” fue durante un tiempo el blanco de críticas del trío más radical del muralismo mexicano: Rivera, Orozco y Siqueiros.

Por Luis Vargas
Jueves 15 de diciembre a las 19:00. Biblioteca

Miércoles 14 de diciembre a las 19:30. Auditorio

León Ferrari

Artistas de la colección

Ferrari por León

A modo de clase abierta, esta conversación entre Andrea Giunta, Andrea Wain, y Luis Felipe Noé propone trazar un recorrido por la trayectoria del artista León Ferrari.

Participan: Andrea Giunta, Andrea Wain y Luis Felipe Noé
Miércoles 14 de diciembre a las 19:30. Auditorio

Tarsila do Amaral Morro da Favela

Vacaciones de verano

Ping-pong carioca

Esta actividad propone un intercambio entre algunos artistas brasileños presentes en las exposiciones Verboamérica y Antropofagia y Modernidad. Arte Brasileño en la Colección Fadel.

Lunes 30 de enero, 6 de febrero; jueves 2 y 9 de febrero de 15:00 a 16:30. Sala 2 y sala pedagógica. Nivel 1

Visita guiada Frida

Visita guiada

Hacerse ver
Mujeres artistas en la Colección MALBA

Partiendo de la desigualdad de género existente en las colecciones de museos, el recorrido propone reflexionar en la historiografía del arte latinoamericano del siglo XX trayendo a un primer plano mujeres artistas trabajadoras.

Miércoles de marzo a las 16:00

y Marcial Gala. Coordina: Fermín Rodríguez
Miércoles 17 de mayo a las 19:00. Auditorio

Diálogos y creación de textualidades II

Ciclo de autores Verboamérica

Diálogos y creación
de textualidades II

MALBA Literatura invita a autores de Argentina y América Latina a llevar a cabo un proceso de indagación, diálogo y creación de textualidades en tres etapas en el marco de Verboamérica..

Participan: G. Cabezón Cámara, Diana Bellessi
y Marcial Gala. Coordina: Fermín Rodríguez
Miércoles 17 de mayo a las 19:00. Auditorio

Participan: Martín Kohan, Silvio Mattoni, Edmundo Paz Soldán 
Coordina: Fermín Rodríguez

Malba Literatura

Ciclo de autores Verboamérica

Diálogos y creación de textualidades I

MALBA Literatura invita a autores de Argentina y América Latina a llevar a cabo un proceso de indagación, diálogo y creación de textualidades en tres etapas.

Miércoles 19 de abril a las 19:00. Auditorio
Participan: Martín Kohan, Silvio Mattoni, Edmundo Paz Soldán 
Coordina: Fermín Rodríguez

Lunes 10, 17 y 24 de abril, 15, 22, y 29 de Mayo,
11:00–12:30. Biblioteca

Paksa Es tarde vuela

Curso

De cerca y a lo lejos

El curso plantea una mirada crítica sobre los discursos artísticos a partir de un análisis en detalle de las piezas que conforman la colección permanente de MALBA.

Por Agustín Diez Fischer
Lunes 10, 17 y 24 de abril, 15, 22, y 29 de Mayo,
11:00–12:30. Biblioteca

Miércoles 10 y 24 de mayo, 7 y 21 de junio, 16:00. Sala 2, Nivel I

Una milla de cruces sobre el pavimento, 1979

Recorrido especial

Verboamérica
Una mirada desde los derechos humanos

¿Qué obras de la Colección MALBA podemos leer desde la agenda actual de los derechos humanos? La época, la denuncia y el cambio social atraviesan las obras de diferentes disciplinas, de forma buscada o fortuita.

A cargo del equipo educativo de MALBA en colaboración con el CELS
Miércoles 10 y 24 de mayo, 7 y 21 de junio, 16:00. Sala 2, Nivel I

Lunes 13 de marzo a las 18:30. Auditorio

Liliana Porter Breaking News

Artistas de la colección

Actualidades/ Breaking News

Continúan los encuentros con artistas, pensados para compartir ideas, experiencias y reflexiones sobre las obras que forman parte del acervo de MALBA junto a especialistas y amigos. En esta ocasión, invitamos a un recorrido basado en la obra de Liliana Porter.

Con Liliana Porter y Rafael Spregelburd
Lunes 13 de marzo a las 18:30. Auditorio