Scalea, Italia, 1942.
Engraver, painter, sculptor, multimedia artist and designer. Through her political and provocative work, Maiolino investigates different materials and explores different means of expression, such as woodcut, photography, film, installation and performance.
In 1954, due to the scarcity caused by the post-war period in Italy, he moved to Caracas, Venezuela, where she studied at the Cristóbal Rojas School of Plastic Arts between 1958 and 1960, the year in which she continued his exile to Brazil. In 1961, she began a wood engraving course at the National School of Fine Arts (Enba), in Rio de Janeiro. Despite her Italian origins, Maiolino's artistic training is primarily Latin American.
In 1963, she attended the studio of the painter Ivan Serpa (1923-1973), at the Museum of Modern Art in Rio de Janeiro (MAM/RJ). The following year, she held her first solo exhibition at Galería G, in Caracas. In 1967, she participated in the New Brazilian Objectivity, an exhibition that, among other concepts, proposed overcoming easel painting in favor of the object. The event was organized by critics and artists, including Hélio Oiticica (1937-1980).
In 1968 he moved to the United States, where she stayed for three years and studied at the Pratt Graphic Center in New York. In the 1970s, upon returning to Brazil, she begins to work with photography and film, but also explores experimental poetry, performance and drawing. Little by little, Maiolino focuses on the manual aspect of artistic work and moves on to use almost exclusively clay. She develops projects and installations with a large presence of this material, in which the repetition of the gesture indicates an enormous concentration of energy.
In 2002 she held a retrospective exhibition in New York. In 2008 she participated in the 16 Biennale of Sydney, Australia, and in 2012 she presented the installation Here & There at Documenta 13, in Kassel, Germany, a work derived from previous installations of Terra Modelada, a series tfrom the 1980s. She continues today her approach to political, urban, daily issues and those that refer to the role of women; and her research on the process of artistic creation.